Wednesday, October 7, 2015

Summary of events in West Papua for September

Australia West Papua Association (Sydney)
PO Box 28, Spit Junction, NSW 2088

Summary of events in West Papua for September  - (7 Oct.2015)

 Pacific Islands Forum
The 46th Pacific Islands Forum was held in Port Moresby during the week of the 7th- 11th September.  Civil society organizations and church groups in the region had written to the PIF leaders urging that West Papua be put back on the agenda at the PIF.  West Papuan representatives lobbied the PIF leaders on the issue urging that the PIF leaders go on a fact finding mission to West Papua to investigate the human rights situation in the territory.  The Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Dame Meg Taylor and the PIF leaders are to be congratulated for discussing the issue of West Papua at the Forum (a contentious issue for some of the leaders). The Indonesian Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdurrahman Mohammad Fachir tried to block West Papua being an issue at the PIF saying the PIF is not the place to discuss West Papuan issues. In an interview with regional journalist, Fachir says it is irrelevant to the main objective and the purpose of the establishment of the PIF.  However, after an absence of nearly 10 years West Papua was back in the official communiqué. 

From PIF Communiqué in relation to West Papua (Papua)
16. Leaders recalled their decisions and concerns expressed at their meeting in 2006 about reports of violence in Papua, in which they also called on all parties to protect and uphold the human rights of all residents in Papua and to work to address the root causes of such conflicts by peaceful means.
17. Leaders recognised Indonesia’s sovereignty over the Papuan provinces but noted concerns about the human rights situation, calling on all parties to protect and uphold the human rights of all residents in Papua. Leaders requested the Forum Chair to convey the views of the Forum to the Indonesian Government, and to consult on a fact-finding mission to discuss the situation in Papua with the parties involved. The full PIF Communiqué at

The Pacific leaders and in particular the MSG leaders have put West Papua on the agenda in international fora. The Solomon Islands and Tongan Prime Ministers raised the human rights situation in West Papua at the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York. The Solomon Islands Prime Minister, Manasseh Sogavare said
"All states have a legal duty and moral responsibility to uphold, respect and promote human rights and where necessary take preventive, protective and punitive measures against human rights abuses or violations in accordance with the UN Charter and applicable international laws,” and  “Against the foregoing backdrop, the General Assembly is well aware of the continuing concerns of human rights violations in the Papua and West Papua regions of Indonesia and Solomon Islands further calls on the Geneva based Human Rights Council to do more in investigating and monitoring of allegations of human rights abuse and violence on the ethnic Melanesians there. "

Tonga's Prime Minister Akilisi Pohiva also told the UN general assembly that the world community has a moral obligation to get involved. “United Nations has a duty to closely follow up this West Papua case and necessary action be taken to stop these brutal and inhumane activities.”
RNZI reported that the Solomon Islands prime minister also called on France to implement the decolonisation process for French Polynesia approved by the United Nations two years ago. In 2013, the General Assembly voted for a resolution sponsored by Solomon Islands to re-inscribe the territory on the UN decolonisation list but Paris has all but ignored the decision. France has said it won’t buy into the UN decolonisation process and also ruled out holding an immediate independence referendum as requested by the territorial assembly. Speaking at the UN in New York, Mr Sogavare has urged France to change. "Solomon Islands calls on the administrating power to fully co-operate with the work of the special committee. We note that 30 years of nuclear testing by the administrating power caused widespread atomic radiation and has resulted in considerable health and environmental concern."

Shooting in Timika
Two high school students were shot by the Indonesian security forces in Timika on Monday the 28 September. The incident occurred around 19.30hrs. 

Caleb Bagau, aged 18, died while his friend Efrando Sabarofek, aged 17, was wounded in the chest and legs. At approximately 19.00hrs while the students were sitting in a market culvert with their school friends, dozens of police officers armed with weapons and cars surrounded the area. 

Because they were afraid the two students ran, however the police shot in their direction killing Caleb Bagau and wounding Elfrando who was shot in the chest and leg. 

The family, local community and religious leaders condemned the shootings as did 
overseas NGOs. AWPA release at First reports were a bit unclear on how the incident occurred however West Papua Media released an updated report on the incident at The police chief, Inspector General (Pol) Paul Waterpauw apologised and admitted the incident but tried to claim the shooting was in self-defense. 

The families of the students rejected the apology from the Chief of Police.

Information spread by BIN about Warinussy is utterly ridiculous
Received from Yan Christian Warinussy on 22 September 2015
Today when I arrived home late in the afternoon, I discovered a registration list produced by BIN, the State Intelligence Agency of the Republic of Indonesia written on blue-coloured paper with the heading ‘Religious/Traditional Leaders'. It consisted of eight columns with personal information about me and my family.   I have no idea where these BIN people got this information from which, I have to say, is completely wrong. For example, the document had the wrong information for the day of my birth. The information about my wife, the place and date of her birth was also wrong. . Moreover the names of my children were wrong, It was stated that I had been calling for a referendum to be held in the Land of Papua???? where ??? when ???? how????  In another column  it was stated that I had a close relationship with separatists at home and abroad. I have no idea what was meant by the word 'relationship'.  Another of my ‘weaknesses' according to BIN is that I frequently defend separatists. So I have to ask myself why is this a weakness?. So what is my duty as a lawyer in accordance with Law 18/2003? Does this mean that I am not allowed to defend activists here in the Land of Papua?  It was also completely wrong to say that I am receiving wages from the local government. When is that supposed to have happened?   I have no idea where they got all this information from. They also wrote that I had on some previous occasion helped tourists to go on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. I simply do not understand what on earth this is all about. I have never been on such a pilgrimage.  This is quite clear because I am not a Church leader. This is all utter nonsense Peace! Yan Christian Warinussy. [Translated by Carmel Budiardjo with my sincere apologies to Yan Christian Warinussy for not earlier circulating a translation of this important.statement]

Police Officers Shot by Air Force Troops in Papua
Jakarta globe By : Banjir Ambarita | October 02, 2015
Jayapura, Papua. Indonesian Air Force personnel in the early hours of Friday accidentally shot two police officers at Jayapura's Sentani Airport while trying to disband a group of intruders. Papua Police Chief Insp. Gen. Paulus Waterpauw said the incident happened at around 2.30 a.m. local time, when a group of people, reportedly under the influence of alcohol, was found damaging facilities at the airport. The two police officers arrived to intervene, but then suddenly members of the Air Force's Special Forces unit (Paskhas) opened fire, injuring the police officers. First Brig. Riqzan and First Brig. Wahidin, who were wearing their uniforms, had reportedly tried to let the Air Force troops know they were police officers, but to no avail. Riqzan was shot in his left thigh while Wahidin was shot in the back of his head. Both men survived the shooting, and were taken to the police hospital in Jayapura, Paulus said. “The Paskhas [troops] saw the incident and they tried to stop it. It was very dark because it was late at night. We only found out that police officers were shot when it was over,” the commander of the Jayapura Air Base at Sentani Airport, Col. Purwoko Aji, said on Friday. In a press conference on Friday, police chief Paulus confirmed that the shooting was an accident and that he would leave the investigation to the Air Force. The Indonesian Military (TNI) and the police have in recent years had a series of violent -- and sometimes deadly -- confrontations in various parts of the country, often as part of turf wars.

News in brief
Human Rights Activist Urges Troop Pullout from Papua
Semarang, Jubi – A Papuan human rights activist, Yones Douw, urged the central government to withdraw troops from Papua. He said he was very disappointed with a series of attacks against civilians in Papua, such as the shooting in Timika last August, the shooting in Paniai in December 2014 and the shooting of two vocational school students in Timika on Monday night, 28 September 2015 at around 19:00 pm. “The actions of security forces were very inhumane. It caused one person, named Kaleb Zera Bagau (18) died and Efrando Sabarofek (17) badly injured and now in the hospital. The character of law enforcement officials, especially the police and Task Forces (TNI) lately showed their misbehavior. I as observers and human rights activists in Papua condemned the perpetrators, ” said Yones when contacting Jubi, on Tuesday (09/29/2015). “We, Papuans continue to be killed and we are like animal in the eyes of Indonesia. I demand President Jokowi to pull out the military from Papua because there is no benefit at all for Papua,” he said. Member of Papua Legislative Council, Laurenzus Kadepa to Jubi said, it seems like military and police officials in Papua are racing to kill Papuans. ” Military and police are in a race to kill Papuan people like a hunted animal. Last time two military members shot two Kamoro people in Koperapoka, Timika. And then the police shot two vocational school students in Timika. The shooting of two students was happening at Gorong – Gorong market in Timika, Papua, ” said Kadepa. (Arnold Belau/ Tina) (Jubi September 30 2015_

West Papuan leader denied PNG visa again
The West Papua independence activist, Benny Wenda, has been denied entry into Papua New Guinea. Mr Wenda was invited to Port Moresby by the city's governor, Powes Parkop, to attend a conference and other events, including next week's Pacific Islands Forum Summit. But he says his visa application was denied with no explanation, and his lawyers say there was nothing wrong with the application. The denial follows Mr Wenda's deportation from PNG last year when it emerged he did not have a required visa. Mr Wenda says he received assurances he was clear to enter PNG again, but he suspects he may be on some immigration blacklist.” The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea has already stated in a media interview that 'if Benny applied for a visa, he's free to come in'. So I tried to apply for a visa to enter the country, but again [I was] rejected for the second time. So I don't know whether it's a country decision to not allow me to enter."  A call has been made to Papua New Guinea's Immigration Department, but they are yet to respond. (RNZI 4 Sept.) 

Trans-Papuan road to be constructed
Officials in Indonesia's Papua province have indicated that around US$70 million is being made available for an initial phase of the construction of the Trans Papua road. The road, for which planning has been at the conceptual phase for years, would link a number of regions and hubs in Papua, including Sorong, Manokwari, Nabire, Enarotali, Korowai and Merauke. It will be around 4,325 kilometres long. Tabloid Jubi reports that the road has become a major priority for Papua and West Papua provinces, according to the Head of the Roads and Bridges in Papua, Oesman Marbun. Mr Marbun says that construction of the road must contend with rugged, mountainous, and heavily forested terrain but that engineers would figure out the most direct paths. He conceded the most fundamental problem for the planned highway was securing consent for construction where customary land rights must be adhered to. Mr Marbun said local government would therefore play a role in addressing related issues, in order for the road to proceed. (RNZI 9 Sept.)

Minister Marwan Contradicts Jokowi, Call Merauke is the “Heaven for Trans-Migrants”  (Jubi 11 Sept)
Jayapura, Jubi – Indonesian Minister of Rural and Underdeveloped Region and Transmigration, Marwan Jafar, contradicted President Joko Widodo’s pledge to terminate the transmigration program in Papua. Despite giving support to Jokowi’s statement, the minister said he would expand the program of transmigration in Papua. In an interview in Jakarta on last week, he said the current program is intended to move residents from densely populated areas to less-populated ones. Those people also would be provided with cash and land property if they “succeed” in Merauke. “Merauke could be considered as the borderland area that was succeed in executing the transmigration program and development of farming area in the eastern Indonesia,” said the minister to reporters in Jakarta as cited by Jakarta Globe. He further said Merauke is the “heaven for trans-migrants”. He predicted about 275 thousand people have moved to Merauke since the annexation over West Papua by Indonesia in 1969. Those migrants were often said to harm the indigenous people. They were accused ignoring the sense, habitude and tradition of the indigenous people, destroying the environment and taking the economic opportunity of indigenous people. In the meeting with public figures in Jakarta on last week, Jokowi renounced that his government will terminate the transmigration program to Papua. “The government will end the transmigration to Papua because it has caused social gaps,” through the statement conveyed by the President Spokesperson, Teten Masduki. The president, Teten said, has asked the Papua Governor to terminate the transmigration program. However, the Minister Marwan Jafar seems not paying attention to Jokowi’s statement. He said the transmigration program will accelerate the production as well to support the government’s plan to develop 1.2 million hectares of rice field in Merauke under the Merauke Integrated Rice Estate (MIRE) Project. “If the program is succeed, will bring more benefits for this district,” he said. (Victor Mambor/rom)

Violence, Arrests Fail to Extinguish Separatism
(Jubi Sept 24, 2015) Jayapura, Jubi – Violence and arrests targeting activists and those accused of being members of the Free Papua Movement (OPM) have failed to extinguish the issue of separatism, a councilor said. A member of Commission I of Papua Legislative Council for Politic, Government, Law and Human Right Affairs, Laurenzus Kadepa, said the government should adopt a humane approach instead of militarism towards the people of Papua. He said in order to restore the people’s trust; the government must dare admit mistakes in Papua in the past, because it has become a worldwide issue.
“The arrests and shootings against the activists or those accused of being OPM members have strengthened the movement for a free Papua. I speak from the humane side, not representing those who support Indonesia or a free Papua. Too many lives have been taken due to conflicts of interests,” Kadepa told Jubi by phone on Wednesday (23/9/2015). In addition, he said, the regional authorities and Military/Police leaders should act as Statesmen. They must prioritize the public interest than personal or group interest. Do not let personal interest give a negative impact on the country.
“For example, logging business and so on. It’s not possible if there are culprits involved or standing behind the logging businessmen. This is an example of personal interest, but affecting the country,” he said. In the last mid-September, Papua legislator who also the Chairman of Coordination Forum of Indonesian Retired Military Personnel Youngsters, Yan Ayomi, said currently it is no need to talk about Free Papua. The people of Papua must think about how to attach the attention of Central Government to improve Papua through Special Autonomy funds. “Papuans must have a dream that one day they could lead this country. Now forget the thought of being ‘independence’,” Ayomi said at that time. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)

Soldier Killed in Jayapura Stabbing Incident
Jakarta Globe By : Banjir Ambarita September 16, 2015
Jayapura. Security forces in Jayapura have launched a manhunt for an unknown assailant who stabbed to death a soldier outside the main military base in the Papuan capital in the early hours of Wednesday. The incident occurred at around 1:25 a.m. as the soldier, identified as Master Pvt. Langgeng, was carrying out a routine patrol of the base’s perimeter. A lone assailant is believed to have jumped him and stabbed him repeatedly with a knife, just 300 meters from the base’s main guard post, out of sight of the other soldiers gathered there. The assailant fled into the dense residential area behind the base, according to Lt. Col. Teguh Pudji Raharjo, a spokesman for the base. “We can confirm that there has been a stabbing against a member of the Jayapura military base that left the victim dead,” he told the Jakarta Globe. “There were a number of other soldiers on duty at the guard post, but because the incident took place some 300 meters away, the assailant was able to get away.” Teguh said the military and police had launched a joint force to hunt down the perpetrator. He refused to speculate on the identity of the perpetrator. Similar attacks on the armed forces in Papua have typically been blamed on separatists, who have been waging a low-level insurgency since the 1960s.

One Resident Shot Near Indonesia-Papua New Guinea Border
TEMPO.CO, Jayapura - A resident of Skopron, Keerom Regency, Papua, was shot by an unidentified person near the Indonesian border with Papua New Guinea (PNG) on Wednesday, September 9, around 10 am local time (1 am GMT) Keerom Police Grand Commissioner Adjutant (AKBP) Tober Sirait told Antara that the victim was shot while cutting wood in the forest area of Kampung Skopron, Keerom, about an hour away by road towards PNG. The shooting victim had been
taken to the hospital in Arso, Keerom, and according to police was headed to the scene to investigate the shooting. "I have not received a report about a complete chronological and identity of the victims,” said Tober Sirait. ANTARA (9 SEPTEMBER 2015)

Papuan Muslims Celebrate Eid With Stone Burning Festival
Tempo. 24 Sept. 2015. TEMPO.COJayapura - Muslim community in Wamena, North Jayapura District, Papua, held an age old Papuan stone burning (bakar batu) festival to celebrate Eid al-Adha. "Our tradition is bakar batu, both during last Eid ul-Fitri. This practice is not new, we conduct it every year,” said Kahar Yalipele, the local Muslim community leader, in Jayapura on Thursday, September 24. Bakar batu is part of tradition of the Papuan people. It is a ritual of cooking together, started by burning stones until it simmers. Red hot stones then laid in a hole and covered with foliage and tubers and meat on it. The pile of meat and tuber will then be covered again with smoldering rocks and foliage. Kahar explained, Papuans are generally used to burn pig but the Muslim community replace it with chicken. He also explained that this year's Eid ul-Adha, the Jayapura Municipal Government donated a cow to Paradise Asso Mushalla, their place of worship. "We will distribute these sacrificial animals to the those in need,” he said. ANTARA

s few times ago. “PNG must reveal who did it, as well as Indonesia,” he told Jubi on Sunday (20/9/2015). He further said public in Indonesia, in particular in Papua are already assuming. And the hostage over two Indonesian citizens gives an impress of being plotted. “Public are already assuming that it’s been plotted, since within this month, both countries are facing the recommendation of Pacific Islands Forum about fact finding mission on human right violation in Papua and the supports on Papua issue to be submitted to Commission 24 about decolonization in the UN list,” said Erari who was also the former Chairman of PGI. (Arnold Belau/rom)

Military to Tighten Security on Border after Hostage-Taking Incident
Jubi SEPTEMBER 22, 2015
Jayapura, Jubi – The military will tighten security on the border with Papua New Guinea following the hostage taking of two Indonesians in the neighboring country, the regional military chief said. Relations between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea have been good and are getting better as demonstrated in efforts to rescue the hostage from armed men, Regional Commander XVII / Cenderawasih Maj Hinsa Siburian said on last week . “The border security will be tightened so that the similar incidents will not occur in the future. However, there will be no additional troops, ” Siburian said during an function to deploy Special Forces Command in Rindam. He said besides tightening the security at the border, the territorial approach will be also improved by urging the community in order to increase its own security in the region. Related to the process of the release of the two hostages without any request on the part of the perpetrator, military commander said, in an effort to free hostages are always put forward a persuasive approach but also prepared other alternatives. Earlier, head of Border and Foreign Cooperation Relations Papua, Susana Wanggai said the acquisition process by means of persuasive conducted by the Army PNG against the perpetrator. “For that, of course we will maintain this relationship. As proof we have the same look that the liberation efforts and negotiations went well. The most important is the two of our citizens in good shape and healthy, “she said. (Roy Ratumakin/ Tina)

Government Signals to Extend Freeport Deal
TEMPO.COJakarta - Energy and Mineral Resource Minister Sudirman Said said Monday, September 21, he supports PT Freeport Indonesia’s step to continue investing in the country. The government is seeking a way so that a decision can be taken without violating regulations and without causing turmoil in society. “What is most needed and awaited by Freeport is the decision on the investment which we have not currently decided due to the constraint of Government Regulation,” Sudirman said when visiting Freeport mine on Monday. The regulation referred by Sudirman is Government Regulation No.77 Year 2014 that regulates the quickest time limit for contract extension is two years and no later than six months before the deal expires.   Evidently, in the temporary study by the ministry, the time hampers investment, especially the ones with great value including Freeport’s underground mining. This revision of the regulation is included in the Energy and Mineral Resource version of economic policy package. The changes plans to extend the deadline contract of mineral metal mines to become 10 years at the longest and two years at the quickest. Meanwhile non-metal minerals deals will be five years at the quickest and two years at the latest. After 30 years, Freeport contract will expire in 2021. Its the second agreement since the company first operated in Indonesia in 1967. Freeport is currently building a processing and refining facility, as set in the Constitution No.4 Year 2009 on Mineral and Coal. The company based in United States (US) has also confirmed its capability to switch cooperation plans from Work Contract to Special Construction Permit. Sudirman said his effort is backed by President Joko Widodo. “Freeport is not an exception, Freeport must be supported in order for its operation to continue,” he said. ROBBY IRFANY (Tempo  21 Sept. 2015)

Police Arrest Two KNPB Activists in Yahukimo
Yogyakarta, Jubi – Two activists of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB), Hariel Luluk and Arpius Magayong, were arrested by the local police in Yahukimo while distributing flyers announcing the results of the Pacific Islands Forum meeting on the West Papua issue. The chairman of KNPB in Yahukimo, Erius Suhun, said armed police officers in a patrol car came, stopped in front of a store and immediately arrested the two activists who were distributing the flyers. Then both were taken to the local police station. “But, when we went to the police station and talked with the officers, they had been released since this afternoon. They were beaten by the police but currently they are already with us,” Suhun said on Wednesday (16/9/2015). The Central KNPB spokesperson Bazoka Logo confirmed to Jubi about the arrest of their two activists in Yahukimo. He said the political matter of the Papuan people is not final yet. Papua issue is currently being worldwide. “Now, we warned the police to behave and maintain their attitude. Because the Papua issue is not merely a domestic matter but also get attention from the worldwide,” he said. Meanwhile, the Papua Police spokesperson Senior Commissionaire Patrige Renwarin has not yet being confirm. (Arnold Belau/rom) (Jubi Sept.18 2015)

Comments/opinion pieces/press releases/reports etc.

ULMWP Acknowledges Pacific Leaders for Supporting West Papua Aspirations at UN

West Papuan teenager beaten, tortured and electrocuted by the Indonesian police

Papua now on Pacific radar

Native Affairs – Inside West Papua – Part 1
 Part 2

Search for truth continues 50 years after Indonesias purge

Indigenous Communities and Biodiversity

Aust/NZ should support a fact-finding mission to West Papuan 

Indonesian food project violates local rights: activists

Maire Leadbeater: A glimmer of hope for West Papua?


1) Maire Leadbeater: A glimmer of hope for West Papua?

2) Soldier Faces Dismissal over Murder
3) Markus Haluk: Free Papua is Young Generation’s Hands

1) Maire Leadbeater: A glimmer of hope for West Papua?

It is frustrating that serious human rights abuses in Indonesian-controlled West Papua continue to fly below the radar.
This year there has been some good news but it is also going largely unremarked. This is equally frustrating, especially as the positive developments all stem from initiatives taken by courageous Papuans themselves or by our neighbours in the Pacific.
Let me review. First, the five-member Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) granted the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) umbrella group official observer status at its June summit. To the Papuans this was a huge step as they have been excluded from Pacific regional bodies for over 50 years.
Second, the 16-nation Pacific Island Forum meeting in September, not only named the issue of human rights in West Papua as one of its five major agenda items, it also resolved to ask Papua New Guinea's Prime Minister to consult with Indonesia about accepting a Pacific fact-finding mission to the territory.

Third, West Papua now has new friends speaking out for it on the world stage. Most recently both Tongan Prime Minister, Akolisi Pohiva, and Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare took to the UN General Assembly podium to remind the world body of its duty towards West Papua in the face of ongoing human rights abuses and brutality. Sogavare, who recently appoint a special West Papua envoy, urged Indonesia to allow free and unrestricted access for a regional fact finding mission.
None of these positive developments would have come about without taro-roots work. Activists in West Papua face almighty obstacles but they were determined to ensure that the Melanesian leaders knew of their support for West Papua to be included in the regional body. So they organised a petition, a proper paper one with ID-card validated signatures, and somehow they defied military and police to get that petition distributed across the rugged and mountainous territory.
Hundreds of activists were arrested for campaigning to support the ULMWP, but still the final tally in the packages couriered to the Honiara MSG meeting was 55,555. Many Indonesian migrants signed on alongside Church and tribal leaders. Thousands more signatures did not make the deadline.
In the months leading up to the two regional Pacific meetings there were a whole series of amazing marches and colourful events in several Pacific capitals in which the Churches were prominent participants. Honiara, site of the MSG summit, was awash with the West Papuan independence Morning Star flag and posters with the slogan 'Bring West Papua back to the family.' Popular bands brought out West Papuan songs. Aotearoa's Maori and Pasifika performance group Oceania Interrupted circulated a catchy YouTube video in support of the fact-finding mission.
The bad news is that New Zealand's political leaders are not on board. Foreign Minister Murray McCully dismissed the value of a regional West Papua fact-finding mission even before he arrived at the Pacific Forum summit. Apparently good relations with Indonesia and our defence and trade ties trump human rights. It was not always so. In the 1950s and early 60s when the Dutch were preparing West Papua for self-government New Zealand politicians and diplomats gave their plans whole-hearted support in the UN.
Indigenous Papuan leaders were welcomed when they attended South Pacific Commission conferences. New Zealand sent a delegation along when a democratic legislature, the New Guinea Council, was inaugurated in April 1961. The delegation included the then Minister of Island Affairs and a high-ranked representative of almost-independent Samoa. He was Malietoa Tanumafili II, later Samoan Head of State.
West Papua has been largely closed to outside media ever since Indonesia assumed control in 1963. But there is some good news on this front too. After years of trying Maori TV's Native Affairs team was allowed in. The documentary did not shy away from detailing past human rights abuses or the issue of military impunity and they also offered a tantalising glimpse of the Dani - a tribe with a 40,000 year history of highlands habitation. The Dani have been working on a project supported by OXFAM Aotearoa to ensure that their traditional kumara is revived as a staple food and favoured over expensive imported rice.
West Papuans believe the UN and the international community let them down 50 years ago when it agreed to Indonesian control so now it must be an international responsibility to help support negotiations towards a fair and peaceful solution.
Pacific Island leaders are listening to their people and taking up the cause with great dignity, so when will New Zealand follow suit?
Maire Leadbeater is a member of West Papua Action Auckland and author of Negligent Neighbour; New Zealand's Complicity in the Invasion and Occupation of Timor-Leste, published by Craig Potton in 2006.
2) Soldier Faces Dismissal over Murder

Jayapura, Jubi – A soldier in West Papua Province, identified as could face a long jail term and dismissal from the military if found guilty of murdering a pregnant mother Freli Dian Sari (26) and her children Cicilia Putri Natalia (6) and Andhika (2).
“If he was found guilty by court, he would not only be fired from the Military but also be punished by civilian law. Though he is Military personnel, he is also the Indonesian citizen who the law is applied against him,” he said Military Information Chief Colonel Infantry Teguh Pudji Raharjo told Jubi on Monday (5/10/2015).
The soldier, identified as SJ, is a member of iInfantry Batalion 752 Teluk Bintuni.
He also added the suspect go through an investigation which includes examination of witnesses and evidence.
“There must the witness and evidence to conduct the legal process according to the existing law. So, the process is still long because it’s not just over once the investigation is completed,” he said.
He also said the Military is also taking this case seriously.
“The process is almost leading to find the suspect, but now we are still examining the witness and evidence. The National Human Right Commission for Children also has come to ensure the process of investigation and they are satisfy because we have worked to the maximum,” he said.
Earlier, the Cenderawasih XVII Commander Major General Hinsa Siburian said SJ was detained by Jayapura Military Police. “Currently it is still pointing at him. We can develop the process after questioning him. He is now secured and transferred to Jayapura Military Police for intensive investigation,” Major General Siburian said at Papua Police Headquarters on Monday (21/9/2015).
According to him, applying the presumption of innocence, the Military would investigate and process this murder case in collaboration with the Police. “We will process it in collaboration with the Police. We will reveal it once we get the result of laboratory,” he said. He also said the initial information received by Military said before the incident; this culprit was drinking alcohol with five civilians until dawn. He was concerned commit the murder under the influence of alcohol. (Roy Ratumakin/rom)
3) Markus Haluk: Free Papua is Young Generation’s Hands

Jayapura, Jubi – The future of the Papua nation is in the hands of the young generation as they are the inheritors of the land, said a member of the working team of the United Liberation Movement of West Papua’s Internal Affairs, Markus Haluk.
Papuan youths – be they pupils, students or graduates—are valuable and reliable actors in realizing a free Papua.
“Young people are the backbone of the Papua nation. They are the hope of this nation. You are the future of this nation,” Haluk told reporter on the sidelines of a Public Conference of AMPTPI Board of Jayapura Municipality on Saturday (03/10/2015).
“The young generation plays the important role in this struggle because the old generation could only dream while the youngsters could continue the struggle and change the faith of this nation,” he said.
Haluk who is also the founder of the Papua Central Highland Student Association in Indonesia described what he has done along with Free Papua leaders in Honiara in June 2015 was something done by old generation.
“When those leaders were passed away, who will continue their struggle? It should be remained in our mind that young generation will continue their mission. Since ULMWP is currently known by the UN, this young generation must stand to change the old men,” he said.
The Secretary General of Central AMPTPI Yanuarius Lagoan said in order to regenerating young activists in Papua, his organization has determined eight resolutions, in which the point of eight urges the Papua Governor to terminate all alcoholic stores and commercial prostitute in Papua. “Alcohol and prostitution in Papua would actually kill Papua young generation. We are the successors of our ancestors, but the Local Government is gradually killing us through shootings, beatings, massacres, rapes, and so on, “ Lagoan said. (Abeth You/rom)

Monday, October 5, 2015

1) Solomon Islands PM Calls on UN to Address West Papua

3) Honor 1960s victims, albeit  public’s fuzzy memory -

1) Solomon Islands PM Calls on UN to Address West Papua
EMTV online
on Monday, 05 Oct 2015. Posted in Home

Prime Minister of Solomon Islands, Manasseh Sogavare, has called on the United Nations Human 
Rights Council to increase 
efforts in carrying out investigations and monitoring allegations of human rights abuse and violations 
in West Papua.
"All states have a legal duty and moral responsibility to uphold, respect and promote human rights 
and where necessary take 
preventive, protective and punitive measures against human rights abuses or violations in accordance 
with the UN Charter 
and applicable international laws,” Sogavare said.
PM Sogavare said that the UN cannot shy away from the root causes of violations against the ethnic
 Melanesians of 
West Papua.  
The head of the Pacific nation made these comments during his address at the 70th session 
of the United Nations 
General Assembly.
He told the summit that Pacific Islands Forum Leaders have approved for a fact finding mission 
to West Papua; this 
decision, he said, was made at the recent Pacific leaders’ summit held last month in Port Moresby.
 He said the summit 
resolved to appeal to the Government of Indonesia to allow free and unrestricted access to this
 mission 'in the true spirit 
of regional cooperation.'

Solomom Star

2) AWPA condemns Papua shooting

The Australia West Papua Association (AWPA) condemns the shooting of two high 
school students in Timika on Monday the 28 September by the Indonesian security forces.
The incident occurred around 19.30hrs.

Caleb Bagau, aged 18, died while his friend Efrando Sabarofek, aged 17, was wounded in the chest and legs.

He is receiving treatment at the General Hospital in Mimika, Papua. The family, local community and religious leaders 

have condemned the shootings.

At approximately 19.00hrs while the students were sitting in a market culvert with their school friends, dozens of police 

officers armed with weapons and cars surrounded the area.

Because they were afraid the two students ran, however the police shot in their direction killing Caleb Bagau

 and wounding Elfrando who was shot in the chest and leg.

One report said the reason the police arrived was that it was because the students were reported for making a noise.

Another report indicated they were pursued by the police because their fathers are reported to be members of the OPM.

Joe Collins of AWPA said:

“The shooting of the two students by the security forces shows yet again that the Indonesian security forces can act 

with impunity in West Papua.

“AWPA believes that the Indonesian President should ensure that not only is this incident investigated but that all cases 

of human rights violations committed by the security forces in West Papua are investigated and those found guilty of
 human rights abuses prosecuted”.

Minority Rights Group International (MRG) urged Indonesia’s Government to conduct an investigation for this shooting.

MRG, as quoted by said perpetrators must be held accountable.

“There is no justification for these senseless murders and the Indonesian government must urgently establish an 

independent inquiry to hold perpetrators to account,” said Claire Thomas, Deputy Director at MRG.

“Extrajudicial killings in West Papua have reached unacceptable proportions, with the indigenous population living in daily 

fear of security forces and for their lives.”

MRG added, “The shooting resurrects concerns about extrajudicial killings and impunity in the conflict-torn region, despite

a pledge by Indonesian President Joko Widodo to address human rights concerns in West Papua.” “It is not enough for
 President Joko Widodo to make bold promises about promoting human rights in Papua unless it is followed up with
 concrete action,” said Thomas.

“This must include addressing the underlying causes of violence and insecurity in West Papua, including endemic impunity

 for state-sponsored violence and the disregard for minority and indigenous rights.” The police chief, Inspector 
General (Pol) Paul Waterpauw apologised and admitted the incident but tried to claim the shooting was in self-defense.

But the families of the students rejected the apology from the Chief of Police Papua, Inspector 

General (Pol) Paul Waterpauw.
3) Honor 1960s victims, albeit  public’s fuzzy memory -
Maria Pakpahan, Edinburgh, Scotland | Opinion | Mon, October 05 2015, 4:47 PM - See more at:
At Thursday’s commemoration of the date when 50 years ago six generals and a young officer were killed, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo put to rest reports that the state would apologize to the millions of victims, survivors and the families of the 1960s tragedy.

I think the refusal to apologize is wrong and holds us hostage to the past, and the history as created by the New Order regime.

An apology is vital to bring the state a step closer to healing society, as it would reach out to victims and their families. We should stand up and speak out when wrongdoing takes place.

In the weeks and months following this week in 1965, scores were murdered, tortured and arrested. It is estimated that between 500,000 to 1 million people were killed during the cleansing of people with any leftist connections, regardless of their age or level of “connection”.

The historical narrative of the banned Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), says that the organization was bad, dangerous, seditious and therefore deserving of its fate — this was the anthem played throughout the General Soeharto regime.

The New Order demonized the leftist movement by dehumanizing anyone associated with the PKI. Civilians — people who were politically ignorant, afraid, confused and possibly had some disagreement with elements or members of PKI at the local level — were co-opted into the killing machine in the crushing operations, as many of these civilians did the dirty work, massacred fellow countrymen and women, without awareness of their wrongdoing, let alone giving them a fair trial.

It is essential that people from all walks of life learn from history. Indonesians need to have a critical perspective about what happened on Sept. 30, 1965 and the following atrocities.

Providing a better understanding and countering the narrative choked down our throats via our schooling, propaganda films, regulations and laws that contradict the spirit of our Constitution, which guarantees human rights, is one way to honor the victims and survivors.

The dehumanizing of the PKI led to a genocide that until today is difficult for us to grapple with. Here it might be useful to use Hannah Arendt‘s The Human Condition.

The political theorist recognized that to retain direction and meaning of such a significant human action, in this case the 1960s violence, another human capacity is required — remembrance.

The present binds the past and future together. As a nation, our present can be the product of the past, so thus our future depends on how we give meaning to the present.

So, what is preventing us from recognizing this wrongdoing in the past?

The present, regardless of how confusing “1965” was, is an opportunity to inspect our memory. A chance to collect more information, to gain better knowledge and evidence about what happened 50 years ago.
This act of remembrance is just one step before we can talk of reconciliation. An act of remembrance will reorient us in the direction of the future.

Public remembrance with counter narratives about post Sept. 30 1965 is one way to honor the victims. Public memory is not singular and may be fuzzy, nonetheless trying to maintain its integrity is a worthwhile attempt. It is not an easy road, as meaningful action requires a public outlet and one such meaningful action is an apology.

Thus, it is still important for the Jokowi administration to apologize unreservedly. We have to accept the tragic reality that the state did not prevent the mass violence following Sept. 30, 1965, and that state institutions were directly involved in the rampant killing and persecution of anyone considered left-wing.

An apology is appropriate given the gravity of the violence and how it affects us a nation-state, and as a reminder of our history. Apologizing to the victims and survivors of the tragedy, and their families, brings us closer to potential reconciliation and closure on the 1965 saga.

It is important for the nation’s leadership to show that the way forward is not to argue about whether to apologize, but to lead by example and do the morally right thing.

We need to see considerable progress toward justice for the victims and their families. Therefore, decisive political action is required. People need to learn about the past atrocities, the escalation of killings, arbitrary arrests and persecution, the decades of stigmatization of many innocent people simply because they were branded as leftist, including the PKI, the Gerwani women’s organization, the CGMI students’ organization and many more — the list is endless.

This 2015 commemoration of these events gives us a chance to pause and reflect, to think about how to guard our future by honoring the victims, by apologizing and educating ourselves so that these atrocities will never, ever happen again. A more balanced narrative is needed, an alternative version of what happened for new generations.

It will most definitely require political will and courage. I do not say it will not be controversial. I simply say the state needs to act, to apologize in honor of the victims, their relatives and survivors — there are so many of them.

We have to accept the tragic reality that the state did not prevent the mass violence ...

The writer is a feminist human rights activist and the Scotland, UK Coordinator of the upcoming International People’s Tribunal 1965, scheduled for November in The Hague, the Netherlands