The five most prominent Ni-Vanuatu charitable organisations in the country led by the Vanuatu Free West Papua Association (VFWPA), have petitioned the Australian Government to “stop killing Melanesian people
in West Papua” by way of providing financial support and military training for Indonesian Elite Kopassus and Detachment 88.
The training programme is made possible under the Australia/Indonesia bilateral military cooperation.
The petition was signed by the Chairman of VFWPA, Pastor Allan Nafuki, President of the Malvatumauri National Council of Chiefs, Chief Seni Mao Tirsupe, Chief Executive Officer of the Vanuatu National Council of Women, Leias Cullwick, Chief Executive Officer of Vanuatu Non-Government Organisations, Charlie Harrison and President of Vanuatu National Youth Council, Vira Taivakalo.
The petition says the decision has come at the right time to support and encourage all the West Papua Solidarity Groups in Australia to change the heart of the Australian Government to “stop the killing of Melanesian brothers and sisters in West Papua”.
The petition describes Melanesians as “the most hated ethnic group in the world” saying, “…the Australian Government should have learned and repented from the past barbarous treatment our forefathers received during the black birding and slave-trade era”.
In the true spirit of solidarity and partnership with all the Pacific Civil Society Organisations and the people of Vanuatu:
• Convince that all indigenous peoples have an inalienable right to complete freedom, the exercise of their sovereignty and the integrity of their national territory.
• Re-affirm our solid stand to continue always to be the voice of the voiceless.
• Express solidarity with the commitments of the leaders of the MSG, other Pacific countries and all the West Papuan support groups around the globe to condemn the ongoing genocide and human rights violation in West Papua.
• Further petition the Australian Government to respect all the Articles of the following International Instruments on Human Rights which were adopted and proclaimed by the UN General Assembly :
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (GA resolution 217 A (111) of 10 December 1948),
• (11) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
• (GA resolution 2200 A (XX1) of 16 December 1966 and came into force on 23/03/1976),
• (111) Declaration On The Granting Of Independence To Colonial Countries and Peoples. (GA resolution 1514 (xv) of 14 December 1960 and
• (1V) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. (GA resolution 2200 A (XXXI) of 16 December 1966, but entered into force on 03/01/1976
• Finally petition the Australian Government to solemnly proclaim the necessity of bringing to a speedy and unconditional end of colonialism in all its forms and manifestation in the world and especially in West Papua.
The Chairman of VFWPA says the First Secretary Head of Political and Economic Unit, Sonya Gray attended the signing ceremony at the PCV Office yesterday.
The Chairman read the petition in her presence then handed her a copy to deliver to the Australian High Commissioner.
The First Secretary said thank you and assured the petitioners with words to the effect that the Australian Government, like Vanuatu, does not support all forms of mistreatment of all colonised peoples but that at the same time respects Indonesia’s sovereignty.
2) Indonesian Military to build naval base in Papua
News Desk The Jakarta Post
Jakarta | Fri, January 20, 2017 | 09:10 am
Indonesian Military (TNI) commander Gen. Gatot Nurmantyo said his side planned to improve the distribution of personnel across the country's territories, especially in the eastern part of Indonesia, including in Papua.
"We hope military personnel and military bases are no longer concentrated around Java, but also in the border areas so that those [bases] help create new economic centers and trigger development," Gatot was quoted as saying by Antara on Thursday at TNI headquarters in Cilangkap, East Jakarta.
When asked to give further details about the plan, Gatot said the TNI would focus on distributing naval personnel first, while the expansion of Army and Air Force bases had yet to be planned.
The chairperson of the Melanesian Spearhead Group, Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare has postponed the PNG leg of his Melanesia tour.
Manasseh Sogavare Photo: RNZI
The tour, his second as chairperson, is to discuss the restructuring of the MSG Secretariat in Vanuatu and the revision of MSG Membership Guidelines with other MSG leaders.
Earlier this week Mr Sogavare met with his Vanuatu counterpart, Charlot Salwai in Port Vila and also with FLNKS spokesperson Victor Tutugoro.
Today he is to meet with the Fiji’s Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama in Suva.
Fiji's Prime Minister, Frank Bainimarama. Photo: RNZ/ALEX PERROTTET
Following that meeting Mr Sogavare was supposed to fly to Port Moresby to meet with PNG's prime minister Peter O'Neill.
But this leg of the tour has now been postponed until February.
Mr Sogavare, who flys back to Solomon Islands on Sunday, said he would not be releasing a statement on the outcome of the tour until he completes the PNG leg in February.
The MSG secretariat in Port Vila has been plaqued by issues with funding and its overhaul was recommended by an independent review commissioned because of persistent funding problems and the review of membership guidelines has arisen over the issue of West Papuan membership to the Melanesian Spearhead group.
Solomon Islands and Vanuatu favour West Papuan Membership while Fiji and Papua New Guinea support Indonesia’s view that it should represent West Papuan interests in the group.
2) ’Syringe terror’ prompts Papua Police to intensify security
Nethy Dharma Somba The Jakarta Post
Jayapura, Papua | Thu, January 19, 2017 | 08:41 pm
Jayapura Police will intensify security measures in the Papuan city on the heels of reports that several residents have fallen victim to random syringe attacks while riding motorcycles or walking on the street.
The unidentified perpetrators reportedly usually target women on motorcycles or pedestrians.
Jayapura Police chief Adj. Sr. Comr. Tober Sirait said his office had investigated the shocking incidents to ascertain the motives of the attacks and content of the syringes. The police have sent blood samples drawn from victims to a forensics lab in Makassar, South Sulawesi.
“There is concern among the public that the syringes have HIV and the motive is to spread the virus,” Tober said Thursday.
Tober said rumors had circulated that many victims had gone to hospitals after being attacked, but many did not file a police report. Another rumor was that there were dozens who had been attacked, but they had neither reported the incidents to the police nor gone for a medical examination.
He said the police had only received reports from two victims, one of whom reported a syringe attack on Jan. 6 and the other on Jan. 13. “Both are women. The one on Jan. 6 said she was walking alone when a motorcycle cornered her and then [an individual] stabbed her in the back,” he said. The second one said she was struck with a needle while riding her motorcycle alone on the way to pick up her child from school. (evi)
The ‘five crazy principles’ and a rising challenge for Indonesia’s ideology
Recent reports of a suspension of military cooperation between Indonesia and Australia were wildly exaggerated, but they emphasise the importance of proper intercountry linguistic, cultural and political understanding, Bradley Wood writes.
Indonesia’s official state ideology, the Pancasila, has re-emerged as a dominant feature in political rhetoric, while also being perceived as a vulnerable political target by Indonesia’s political elite during a very sensitive time in Indonesia.
It’s no surprise then, that the recent bilateral incident between Australia and Indonesia involving the alleged laminated display of the political send-up ‘Pancagila’ (the five crazy principles), along with other politically sensitive training material about Indonesia’s chequered past in West Papua provoked an official response.
There have long been suspicions among Indonesia’s political elite about Australia’s intentions regarding West Papua dating back to Indonesia’s independence. These continue to linger in the minds of some Indonesians because of Australia’s instrumental role in securing East Timor’s independence. This latest development has only raised the spectre of such pre-existing suspicions.
Recent political rhetoric in Indonesia has centred on reminding Indonesia’s citizens about its founding principles, namely the Pancasila—the five principles that make up Indonesia’s official ideology. This follows mass demonstrations backed by Indonesia’s Islamic hardliners in November and December last year, against the incumbent Jakarta Governor, locally known as Ahok, for alleged blasphemy. Various political forces within Indonesia have capitalised on these events in the run-up to next month’s regional elections, which includes the Jakarta Governor’s seat, now seen as an ascension pathway to the presidency.
Inaccurate reporting of the ‘Pancagila’ incident, based on the initially limited coverage in the Indonesian press, gave rise to a public perception in Australia that it had caused a significant suspension in military cooperation between the two countries. The Australian media continued its media frenzy even after a detailed press conference by the outspoken Commander of Indonesia’s military (TNI) General Gatot Nurmantyo. This further fuelled the speculation of a blanket freeze on military cooperation, despite Gatot’s emphasis on the good relationship he has with the Chief of the Australian Defence Force (ADF), Mark Binskin.
This media controversy, however, has since been adequately framed as a miscommunication between the TNI, the Ministry of Defence, and the Presidential Press office. A belated press release was eventually produced by the Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law, and Security, and former Commander of the TNI, Wiranto. This clarified the Indonesian Government’s position—that only a specific language training program between the two countries had been temporarily suspended.
The ‘Pancagila’ send-up that was reportedly sighted by an Indonesian language trainer at the Campbell Barracks in Perth, however, was not an Australian creation. Last year, an Indonesian court chose not to impose criminal sanctions after an Indonesian activist posted the Pancagila principles on Facebook, signalling an historic moment for freedom of expression in Indonesia. It has also been widely used on social media by a number of Indonesian-associated accounts that date back to at least 2011.
Translated (see image), it reads: Belief in the one and only God / The Financial Almighty; Just and civilised humanity / Corruption that is fair and equitable; The unity of Indonesia / The unity of the political elite within Indonesia’s legal system; Democracy guided by the inner wisdom in the unanimity arising out of deliberations amongst representatives / Power which is led by lust and depravity in the conspiracy of hypocrisy; and, Social justice for all people of Indonesia / Social security for the whole family of officials and representatives.
There is no doubt that the public display of such content at a language training facility at the Campbell Barracks—where it would be seen by Indonesian defence colleagues—was a significant political mistake, with potentially serious implications for the bilateral defence relationship.
However, the use of sensitive political material, such as ‘Pancagila’, by the ADF’s language students is important to Australia’s official language and cultural training. Politically sensitive material like this provides a valuable insight into Indonesia’s internal political dynamics from an indigenous perspective, and it’s these insights that contribute to a better understanding of Indonesia’s human terrain.
The outcome of an inquiry by the Chief of the Australian Army, Angus Campbell, is likely to have already been delivered, and there have been reports that indicate Australian defence personnel have already been reprimanded. It is important, however, that the Australian Army evaluate these language materials beyond their politically sensitive attributes, as they improve their linguistic and cultural understanding about their largest neighbour and, arguably, their most important non-aligned defence relationship—where respective interests often differ, but can also be managed.
With such a diverse makeup in Indonesia, SARA tensions—a security acronym used to explain ethnic, religion, race, and inter-group inspired conflict—will likely continue to be a part of the internal dynamics of Indonesia’s democratic process. The challenge for Indonesia will be managing these tensions within the confines of its post-reformasi democratic limits, without using the extreme concept of an external proxy war involving Australia, to build its national cohesion. However, reminding Indonesia’s large population about Pancasila and Indonesia’s national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity in Diversity) may play an effective role here.
Indonesia continues, however, to face internal challenges to the Pancasila ideology by hard-line Islamic groups, such as the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI). These groups have also recently been trained by the TNI’s district command, albeit without official approval, as part of Indonesia’s civil defence program known as Bela Negara. Gatot Nurmantyo, however, has defended the right of the FPI to participate in the civilian defence training and there has been at least one approved incident of FPI members engaging in civil defence training that dates back to 2014.
While this is only basic civil defence education centred around building a sense of patriotism, national awareness, and belief in the Pancasila ideology, it demonstrates the complexities of Indonesia’s policy response to uniting such a diverse population. In this case, it appears that the TNI is playing an active role, and it’s therefore within the ADF’s purview to understand this development in its entirety.
The ADF needs to pay attention to these internal dynamics and political sensitivities in Indonesia to prevent any miscommunication when it comes to Australia’s laid back sense of humour regarding world politics. However, preventing the use of politically sensitive material across all ADF Indonesian language programs, risks limiting the ADF’s nuanced understanding of current developments impacting on the internal security of a very important archipelagic neighbour.
This article is published in collaboration with New Mandala, the premier website for analysis on Southeast Asia’s politics and society.
Jakarta. HSBC, one of the biggest banks in the world, has been accused of funding deforestation in Indonesia by environmental group Greenpeace International.
In a report titled "Dirty Bankers: How HSBC is Financing Forest Destruction for Palm Oil," the environmental activist group accused HSBC of arranging loans and other credit facilities totaling $16.3 billion for six companies profiled in Greenpeace's Dirty Bankers report, as well as nearly $2 billion in corporate bonds since 2012, despite the lender's proclaimed sustainable policy.
The UK-headquartered bank is known as one of the largest lenders to the palm oil industry in the world.
Greenpeace's report specifically highlights a list of HSBC clients that have been linked to unsustainable palm oil practices.
The NGO accused six companies — Singapore’s Bumitama Agri and Goodhope Asia Holdings, Malaysia’s IOI Group, Noble Group, and Korea’s POSCO Daewoo and Indonesia’s Salim Group — of destroying tropical rainforests, land grabbing, operating with zero permits, employing child labor and peatland draining.
"For a bank that proclaims 'sustainability underpins our strategic priorities and enables us to fulfil our purpose,' funding companies like Noble is a strange move!" Greenpeace's campaigner Annisa Rahmawati said on the NGO's website.
Specifically, the NGO said in its report that evidences are now available in the public domain showing that the six companies were responsible for unacceptable activities including having been subjected to Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) complaints or suspensions.
They have also been been cited by the Indonesian government in cases of unrestrained fires and or been the subject of numerous critical reports from social and environmental NGOs.
"Even the most basic due diligence on these companies should have set alarm bells ringing, which raises the question: is HSBC failing to apply its policies altogether, or just failing to apply sufficient scrutiny when assessing whether current or prospective customers comply?" the Greenpeace report said.
The NGO called out HSBC to disclose details of all financial services to palm oil companies, halt financing to existing customers and refuse financing or other services to potential customers that do not comply to the "No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation" policy.
HSBC released a statement on Tuesday (17/01) to comment on the Greenpeace report, which started in a diplomatic tone, saying HSBC shares Greenpeace's concern about deforestation in Indonesia.
The bank said it "has no interest in financing customers involved in: illegal operations; land clearance by burning; the conversion of high conservation value areas; harmful or exploitative child labor or forced labor; the violation of the rights of local communities, such as the principle of free prior and informed consent; and operations where there is significant social conflict."
Regarding companies named by Greenpeace, HSBC said "customer confidentiality restricts us from commenting on specific companies. We recognize that this can cause frustration but do direct stakeholders to public information where we are aware of it."
The lender also claimed that following its policy revision in 2014, it has closed about 60 forestry and 104 palm oil banking accounts for failing to comply with their so-called "No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation" policy.
"We do not consider closing a relationship a success, as we lose influence to promote higher standards, although we have no doubt that our policies benefit from having a bar, below which relationships will be ended," HSBC wrote in the statement.
"We are not aware of any current instances where customers are alleged to be operating outside our policy and where we have not taken, are not taking, appropriate action," the bank added.
Looking specifically at the palm oil sector, HSBC said it "believes that palm oil can bring many benefits to society, such as economic development and the alleviation of poverty. And we agree with Greenpeace that palm oil can also result in negative impacts if not managed legally and sustainably."
1) MSG Leaders Duty-Bound To Make Positive Decisions: Sogavare
The Melanesian SpearheadGroup (MSG) Chair and Prime Minister of Solomon Islands, Manasseh Sogavare said leaders of MSG countries have a ‘greater’ responsibility to ensure their decisions
positively impact on the lives of their citizens.
He made the remarks on Monday night at a function held at the Iririki Resort.
The MSG Chair is currently in the Vanuatu capital Port Vila for the first leg of his second MSG Capitals’ tour.
“We as leaders have a greater responsibility to ensure our decisions have positive impacts on the lives of our people and we must shoulder this responsibility with wisdom from our Almighty God,” the MSG Chair emphasised in his speech at the function attended by Vanuatu Government officials, Heads of Foreign Diplomatic Missions and the MSG Director General and Heads of Divisions.
The MSG Chair said the Melanesian sub-regional grouping is unique as its member countries make up the majority the Pacific island states’ population, natural resources including land and hold the largest economies.
He said the MSG countries also share a ‘ rich history, culture, customs and values’ deeply rooted in how they value their land and people.
“Essentially when we talk about the Pacific, we are talking about Melanesia and vice-versa,” he added.
Turning to the agenda of the current MSG Capitals’ tour, Prime Minister Sogavare said, “Following on the success of my first visit in early 2016, this second visit is poised to pursue consensus-building with my colleague leaders of the Melanesian region on a number of important issues in the true Melanesian way of dialogue and friendship.”
“Pursuant to the Governing body meeting held here in Port Vila on December 2016, there are two important issues that I will be discussing with my colleague leaders,” he added.
The MSG Chair said the first issue is the restructuring of the Port Vila-based MSG Secretariat following a consultancy report on the Independent Review of the secretariat to ensure its alignment with MSG Members’ priorities and delivery of much needed services to MSG citizens and the other issue is MSG Membership Guidelines.
Expounding on the MSG Secretariat organisational restructure, the MSG Chair said a particular focus for this year will be the implementation of the restructure and transition plan which the secretariat is currently embarking on.
On the issue of MSG Membership Guidelines and Application for New Membership, he said the MSG Governing Body in its meeting in Port Vila on the 22nd of December 2016 has endorsed the MSG Membership Guidelines and subsequently agreed to recommend them to Leaders for approval and applications in due course.
In noting that the recommended MSG Membership Guidelines provide a transparent Membership Application process that would allow any new membership application to be dealt with in the most impartial and unprejudiced manner whilst at the same time respect the integrity and sanctity of the 2015 Revised MSG Agreement, the MSG Chair said, “It is my firm desire to see these guidelines approved by Leaders as soon as possible.”
“I wish to build on the momentum gained during my first (MSG) Capitals’ visit which sets a positive precedence in fostering common understanding and support on important issues concerning our region.
“I intend to encourage frequent dialogues between leaders so that we are able to build consensus and reach common understanding on important issues and challenges facing the MSG region.”
The MSG Chair also expressed appreciation to the Vanuatu Prime Minister for the courtesies the Vanuatu Government accorded to him and his delegation since arriving in Port Vila last Sunday night.
Meanwhile, the meeting between the MSG Chair and Prime Minister Charlot Salwai of Vanuatu and the FLNKS Spokesman Victor Tutugoro was scheduled for yesterday.
Jakarta. Freeport Indonesia, the local unit of United States mining giant Freeport McMoRan, has asked the Indonesian government to swap its current contract-of-work with a special mining permit as the miner races against time to secure an extension for exporting gold concentrates from Grasberg in Papua, Indonesia's largest gold mine.
The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource last week issued a regulation that bars contract-of-work contractors from exporting mining concentrates starting from Jan. 12.
Contractors can only export concentrates once they acquire a special mining permit, the special mining business license (IUPK), the ministry said.
IUPK is one of a new series of licensing regimes to replace the work contracts of all miners that have been operating in Indonesia since the country revised its mining law in 2009.
"Freeport has conveyed to the government its intention to convert its current work contract into IUPK," Freeport spokesman Riza Pratama said on Monday (16/01).
The move marks a significant progress after months of negotiation between the government and Freeport — which had been looking for ways to ensure it can can extend its Indonesian operation beyond 2021, the deadline for its current contract of work.
The government is adamant that the only way Freeport could do that was by complying with the 2009 law, which apart from dropping the contract-of-work, also requires the miner to divest the majority of its shares to local investors and build a smelter in Indonesia to process raw mining ores.
Freeport had been reluctant on complying with the 2009 mining law, arguing that its contract-of-work, first signed in the 1960s, shield it from any change in domestic laws and taxation regimes.
Yet the prospect of losing a lot of cash from being unable to export concentrates seemed to force Freeport's hand and leave it with no option but to cave in to the government's demand.
Up until last week, Freeport was only allowed to export its concentrates as long as it could show progress in the construction of its smelter in Indonesia.
Riza said if Freeport goes ahead with swapping its contract-of-work for the special mining permit, the company can be sure of continuing its Indonesian operations beyond 2021.
Freeport has already pledged $17 billion in investment to expand its mining operation in Grasberg until 2041 and another $2.1 billion to build a smelter in Gresik, East Java.
"We will resume the construction of our smelter as soon as we get our operation rights extended," Riza said.
1) MSG has become “proxy theatre of debate over West Papua”
Updated yesterday at 9:05am
The chair of the Melanesian Spearhead Group, Solomon Islands' Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare, has set out on a regional charm offensive to persuade fellow leaders to back the admission of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua.
Up to now the MSG has been split over the move, with Vanuatu and Solomon Islands in favour, while Papua New Guinea and Fiji are against.
Mr Sogavare is flying on to Port Moresby and Suva, after talks in Port Vila with Vanuatu's Prime Minister, Charlot Salwai, and Victor Tutugoro from the New Caledonian independence movement.
But Pacific analyst Jonathan Pryke from the Lowy Institute's Melanesia Program is warning that the MSG may be too heavily focussed on the West Papua issue, and the organisation's relevance could be severely tested over the next 12 months.
2) Police most reported for alleged rights violations in 2016: Komnas HAM
Fachrul Sidiq The Jakarta Post
Jakarta | Tue, January 17, 2017 | 08:30 pm
West Papua rally participants shout from the back of a police truck on Jl. Imam Bonjol, Central Jakarta on Dec. 1, 2016. Police arrested 10 of them for bringing Free West Papua Movement symbols. (JP/Safrin La Batu)
The National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) has revealed that of all institutions, the police were implicated in the highest number of human rights violation cases in 2016.
“Throughout 2016, Komnas HAM received 7,188 reports related to alleged human rights violations. From that report, the police were reported 2,290 times, the highest figure among all institutions,” Komnas HAM chairman Imdadun Rahmat said during a year-end report presentation at the commission’s office in Jakarta on Tuesday.
The second and third place went to corporations and regional administrations with 1,030 and 931 reports, respectively, Imdadun said.
He added that most of the reports were related to violations of welfare and justice rights, such as a case in July when police officers surrounded a Papuan student dormitory in Yogyakarta to prevent residents from attending an event organized by the People’s Union for West Papua Freedom (PRPPB). The police also reportedly prevented an Indonesian Red Cross ambulance from delivering food to the dormitory.
Komnas HAM commissioner Nur Khoiron said the commission would continue cooperation with the police in an attempt to push the institution to be more human-rights friendly in carrying out its duty.
“We have conducted some activities including launching a human rights pocket book for police officers and conducting a general lecture about rights principles for students at the Police Higher Education College (PTIK),” he said. (jun)
3) Sweeping conducted by joint security forces recently in Dogiyai
A google translate. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
Jubi, Dogiyai - Sweeping conducted joint security forces recently in Dogiyai casualties. At least two civilians Dogiyai, Otis Pekei (21) and Melkias Dogomo (33) into a sweeping victim. It forced thousands of residents down the road and go to the Dogiyai Parliament's office, Monday (16/01/2017).
Chairman of the People's Solidarity Cultural Care Mee Dogiyai, Benedict Goo to the Jubi in Dogiyai, said two residents died after being tortured group of security forces. In addition to the two victims died, dozens of residents Dogiyai been beaten by the security forces combined to do the sweep.
Goo said Otis Pekei tortured by the police, on Tuesday (10/01) from the time the police arrived at the Tuka to Moanemani. At that time, Otis Pekei is heading to Nabire. However, he was detained in Kali Bridge Tuka. Pekei tortured during detention. Pekei Moanemani removed from the police in a state of lifeless at around 15:00 CET and returned to his family.
While Melkias Dogomo after reportedly died in police custody. He was held in Moanemani, December 23. During detained for several hours in police Moanemani, police allegedly entering the base of a gun out of bullets into his mouth. In the afternoon he was sent home. When we got home, Melkias Dogomo got sick to death last January 7.
In addition to the two victims died, many residents Dogiyai were beaten for no apparent reason. All goods Built-in bags and camshaft was confiscated. Moreover, sharp tools such as machetes, knives, razor blades and other sharp tools.
"The security forces also seized clothing, camshaft, bracelets and hats that motivated the Morning Star," he said.
Goo said, in the sweeping, the police asked residents dreadlocks long hair and a long beard to be trimmed. Residents Dogiyai annoyed. Because, every day doing sweeping group of security forces.
Properly, the combined security forces came to Dogiyai to maintain the security of the elections. In fact, the sweep is not clear. Due to sharp tools still sweeping the street.
"It should sweep for securing the elections and sweeping SIM / vehicle registration for all vehicles in Dogiyai," said Goo.
SubmitTambah Goo, the combined security forces were brought in accordance with the Act PKPU Dogiyai only for securing the elections that will be held in February.
He considered, sweep the wrong target. It should, according to him, secured the liquor sellers and dealers that are still rife. In fact, in addition to liquor, related to the elections, many billboards are already planted the regent candidates are still scattered.
"The police should have been secured with regard to the elections alone. Instead of coming to the last Dogiyai would scare residents Dogiyai are not wrong at all, "pissed.
He continued, "This sweeping Sweeping is done without direction. Because, as we know so far, if the police sweeping means associated with the vehicle, such as license and registration. "
Support demonstration of citizens
District Chief Dogiyai, Willem Tagi said it supports the action taken. Because, what had been done joint security forces in Dogiyai Dogiyai very disturbing residents.
"We have several heads of districts in Dogiyai welcomes today's action. Do not anybody from the outside coming Dogiyai pitting my citizens, "said Tagi.
He asked the security forces did not again sweeping Dogiyai disturbing residents. Because, he said, during this Dogiyai residents live in harmony and peace.
"If the security came to Dogiyai for securing the elections, run the task alone. There should be no additional movement in Dogiyai, "he said.
The same thing also delivered by Head East Kamuu District, Aleks Pigai. Pigai words, if in the future there are sweeping of excessive security forces, along with thousands of citizens Dogiyai it will still do the action to reject all of the action taken.
"We very much regret the attitude of the security forces of these excesses," he said.
He asked the group of security forces that have been stationed in Dogiyai to be withdrawn. Can be reassigned before two weeks of the election held in February.
At the same place, Secretary of the Indigenous Peoples Organization (LMA) Dogiyai, Aleks Kogaa asserted, that the police do not act arbitrarily to the citizens in Dogiyai.
"During this time, many residents Dogiyai are always beaten. There was bloodshed, too. We unequivocally reject all the actions of the police, "said Kogaa.
SubmitDogiyai, obviously Kogaa, is one of the safest areas in Papua. During this time, residents Dogiyai live in security and peace. However, the situation Dogiyai changed since five months ago. Then he asked that all parties, including the security forces to maintain security in Dogiyai together.
1) Tackling Inequality, Starting with Fuel Price in Papua
Posted On 16 Jan 2017By : Santi Berlinawati0 CommentsTag: Equality, fuel, Gasoline, Jokowi, news, Papua, Price
Economic challenges faced by residents in remote areas are not unheard by the State Palace.
An airfield in a remote region, Papua. (Photo source: Kabupaten Pengunungan Bintang provincial government’s website)
Jakarta, GIVnews.com – One of President Joko Widodo’s new year resolution for 2017 is to tackle the problem of inequality.
“Some points that I want to convey are related to our focus on equality. Although we know that our Gini ratio has slightly improved, nonetheless if we see the number is at a high level,” the President was quoted as saying by the Office of the Presidential Staff’s website.
The president who is familiarly called Jokowi has proposed several steps to reduce economic disparities, including by setting up policy on asset distribution and land legalization so all citizens get easier access to own a piece of land. This is in addition to easing the citizens’ access to capitals to increase competitiveness, and skills improvement through vocational education and training.
Economic inequality is reflected by huge price difference of essential items across different regions in the archipelago. For instance, a portion of standard rice that usually costs Rp 15-20 thousands in Jakarta was priced Rp 70-75 thousands in Papua back in December 2015, as reported by Tempo.
On this, Theo Hasegem, a member of the Human Rights Care Team for Pegunungan Tengah in Papua, said that expensive prices were caused by fuel scarcity.
Even if fuel is available, the price is usually very expensive, due to the cost of transporting them to the region. Essential items, including gasoline, are usually transported by aeroplanes, thereby increasing its price at the consumers end.
Furthermore, the unavailability of gas station operated by state oil company Pertamina, would also push up gasoline prices further. By the time gasoline is sold to the people through the local merchants, its price had gone up much higher. Locals have had to frequently wait days till fuel supply arrived.
Such challenges faced by residents in remote areas are not unheard by the State Palace.
President Jokowi, aiming to tackle such price disparity, initiated the ‘one-price’ fuel program in Papua in November 2016. With such program, it is expected that gasoline price in Papua will match that in Java.
Several districts in Papua that have ‘tasted’ the cheaper fuel price following the program implementation include Puncak, Puncak Jaya, Yalimo, Mamberamo Raya, Mamberamo Tengah, and Intan Jaya, as reported by Media Indonesia.
According to Taufik Nurrahman, Pertamina’s spokesman for Papua-Maluku region, fuel price in these regions are now set at the same level to that of the standard national price.
The program implementation is also being monitored by the local police. Papua Police Chief Inspectorate General Paulus Waterpauw Price shared that although price variation still exists, such disparity did not cause an overly expensive fuel price.
2) Electricity privatization regulation introduced to boost rural access
Fedina S. Sundaryani The Jakarta Post
Jakarta | Mon, January 16, 2017| 10:55 am
The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry has officially launched a ministerial decree, which allows private companies to develop their own electricity grids that are separate from state-owned electricity firm PLN.
On Monday, Energy and Mineral Resources Deputy Minister Arcandra Tahar introduced Ministerial Decree No. 38/2016 that was aimed to help expedite electricity development in 2,500 remote villages across the nation.
"This is an innovation from the government to provide a legal basis that will allow for fairer energy procurement and to increase the ratio of villages with electricity in Indonesia, which has only reached 96.95 percent out of a total 83,190 villages," he said at the ministry’s Electricity Directorate General headquarters in Jakarta.
According to data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), there are still 2,519 villages that had no electricity in 2014. Furthermore, PLN's plans until 2019 only covers 504 villages to be lit up through village electricity procurement projects.
The latest ministerial decree will allow private companies, provincial administration-owned companies and cooperatives to set up off-grid power plant projects in remote villages, 2,376 of which are located in Papua and West Papua.
Private investors must focus on procuring electricity through a hybrid-power system, supported by both renewable energy sources and conventional fossil fuels.
A hybrid-power system combines two or more modes of electricity production, usually involving at least one renewable energy source to ensure the villages can maintain power 24 hours a day. (bbn)
Note. Follow up posting from Carmel to original posting below.
To readers of these lists, I apologise for repeating the first two paragraphs of my translation of Yan Christian Warinussy’s excellent article about the right to self-determination. Let's hope that President Joko Wodido will respond to his call for a peaceful dialogue. Carmel Budiardjo
3) Self Determination is a Baasic Human Right
5th January 2017
The first paragraph of the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia stipulates that ‘freedom is the right of alll nations, meaning that colonisation in every part of the world must be ended'.
That sentence means that all nations everywhere in the world that are living under the control mus be giving the opportunity to have the right to self-determination.
The first sentence of the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia states that ‘the right to independence is the basic right of all nations which means that colonialism should be abolished throughout the world’. That sentence means that all those people who are still being held under the control of any government should be granted the right to self-determination.
It should therefore be understood by the Government of Indonesia at the centre and down to the regions , including the Land of Papua, that this right this is one of the most basic rights that it guaranteed under international law, as is clear in the Universal Declaration om Basic Human Rights and the UN Declaration of the Rights of Traditional Peoples that was adopted in 2007.
More specifically, Article 3 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of the Traditional Communities states that: ‘Traditional Communities, states that: ‘Traditional Communities have the right to self-determination, the right to autonomy or to self-government with regard to affairs within their area which also includes finding the means to finance their own autonomy.
All these rights were further reinforced by a UN resolution on The Right to Self Determination, in accordance with an initiative by the Pakistani ambassador to the UN, Maleeha Modi at the end of the year 2016. Speaking as a lawyer and Defender of Human Rights in the Land of Papua, I regard the birth of a UN Law on the Right to Self-Determination as a great victory within the context of democracy and peace for the protection of the human rights of all peoples in the twenty-first century.
The UN Resolution regarding the Right to Self-Determination was certainly planned [unfortunately the last line at the bottom of the document is unreadable] .... but it also provides the legal basis for the protection of other nations throughout the world which have not yet had the opportunity to determine there own future such as the Palestinian people,, the Kannaky, Colony of France New Caledonia as well as the\ Papuan people who for the past fifty years have been peacefully struggling for their right to self determination. In connection with all this, I called upon the Government of Indonesia under President Joko Widodo to adopt a more lenient approach towards the Papuan people who are peacefully struggling for their right to self determination, and not to use the security approach towards the Papuan people when the security forces resort to physical violence armed with weapons all of which has the potential to systematically violate their basic human rights.
A peaceful approach by means of dialogue between the Government of Indonesia and the Papuan people including various organisations and groups such as the ULMWP, KNPB, the OPM,the Papuan Presidium Council, the WPNA, the WPNCL and the Papuan Women’s Solidarity is essential for the government under President Joko Widodo.
And finally,the Indonesian Government should de-militarise the whole of the territory of the Land of Papua by withdrawing all the personnel and units of the military commands, both organic and non-organic
It is my opinion, as the recipient of the John Huimphrey Award/Canada in 2005 taking the approach of dialogue is very pressing as the correct way forward at this time, because such elements are irrelevant to creating a peaceful and conducive situation for holding a peaceful dialogue.
Peace. Yan Christian Waarinussy, Executive-Director of the LP3BH-Manokwari.
Translated by Carmel Budiardjo, recipient of the Right Livelihood Award, 1995.